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*1 (This figure is particularly alarming given that many incidents of violence are not reported to the police.) *2 The extent of the problem is further indicated by the fact that since 1989, the homicide rate for juveniles has exceeded the adult rate, and since 1980, the juvenile arrest rate for all types of violent crimes has surpassed the rate recorded for adults.
Recently, an increasing number of North American youth are committing violent crimes.
Although the consequences of these violent crimes are easily apparent, the causes behind them are often abstract and obscure, making it difficult to pin blame on a single source.
Youth violence is the intentional use of physical force or power to threaten or harm others by young people ages 10-24.
It typically involves young people hurting other peers who are unrelated to them and who they may or may not know well. Examples include fights, bullying, threats with weapons, and gang-related violence.
These are the three prominent factors that determine the cognitive growth of children and hence they dictate their social interaction and behavior (Lerner and Spanier 50).
The foremost explanation of violent conduct in youths that can be traced back to family life lies in the ideals that are projected upon children by their parents.Youth violence is an adverse childhood experience and is connected to other forms of violence, including child abuse and neglect, teen dating violence, adult intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and suicide.Different forms of violence have common risk and protective factors, and victims of one form of violence are more likely to experience other forms of violence.If this rise in aggressive acts is to be stemmed, the causes youth violence must be determined and analyzed to determine which ones, The recent shooting of a six year-old girl in Flint, Michigan supports this claim that North American children are indeed affected by the violence they watch on television.The Toronto Star states that the five year-old boy who did the shooting admittedly enjoyed watching “violent movies and TV shows” (14).*7 As incidents of violence involving youth have increased, public demands for effective measures aimed at curtailing youth violence have grown commensurately.At the state and national levels, the response from policymakers to the surge in youth violence has primarily come in the form of "get tough" measures, including substantial increases in funding for law enforcement and corrections, and increased penalties for juveniles convicted of offenses involving the use of violence.Some early childhood risk factors include impulsive behavior, poor emotional control, and lack of social and problem-solving skills.Many risk factors are the result of experiencing chronic stress,* which can alter and/or harm the brain development of children and youth.A young person can be involved with youth violence as a victim, offender, or witness. Physical aggression can be common among toddlers, but most children learn alternatives to using violence to solve problems and express their emotions before starting school.Some children may remain aggressive and become more violent.