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When Adolf Hitler came to power, he wanted to unite all Germans into one nation.
This was not actually the case, but Hitler used it as an excuse to place German troops along the Czech border.
During this situation, the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, flew to meet Hitler at his private mountain retreat in Berchtesgaden in an attempt to resolve the crisis.
Six months later, in March 1939, German troops took over the rest of Czechoslovakia.
Poland seemed to be the next most likely victim of Nazi aggression and Chamberlain made an agreement with the Poles to defend them in Germany invaded.
Czechoslovakia was the logical next step for his aggression and German Nazis in the Sudetenland were told to stir up the trouble that led to the crisis examined here.
Edvard Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, was concerned that if Germany was given the Sudetenland, most of the Czech defences would be handed over to the Germans and they would be left defenceless.The government believed that Hitler and Germany had genuine grievances, but that if these could be met (‘appeased’) Hitler would be satisfied and become less demanding.Hitler was open about his refusal to accept many of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.After the First World War, the map of Europe was re-drawn and several new countries were formed.As a result of this, three million Germans found themselves now living in part of Czechoslovakia.Chamberlain’s flight to Berchtesgaden was followed by another to Godesberg a week later and then another to Munich on 29 September.At Munich, Chamberlain got an international agreement that Hitler should have the Sudetenland in exchange for Germany making no further demands for land in Europe. Hitler said he had ‘No more territorial demands to make in Europe.’ On 1 October German troops occupied the Sudetenland: Hitler had got what he wanted without firing a shot.Time and the opening of documents that were secret at the time, add different perspectives to this issue.Chamberlain was of the generation which survived but was deeply revolted by the First World War.‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy made war more likely because Hitler thought he could get away with anything.’ ‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy bought a valuable year for Britain to get ready for the war which was bound to come.’ ‘Chamberlain believed that Hitler was a man of his word.’ ‘The decision to give the Sudetenland to Germany let down the Czech people.’ The Treaty of Versailles, made in 1919 at the end of the First World War, was intended to make a lasting peace.Many people felt that the Treaty had caused terrible resentment in Germany on which Hitler had been able to play in order to achieve power.