Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adults

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adults-74
He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.He established the importance of seeking evidence, closely examining reasoning and assumptions, analyzing basic concepts, and tracing out implications not only of what is said but of what is done as well.It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use.

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This model of thinking has become so entrenched in conventional academic wisdom that many educators accept it as canon".

The adoption of these principals parallels themselves with the increasing reliance on a quantitative understanding of the world.

Socrates asked people questions to reveal their irrational thinking or lack of reliable knowledge.

Socrates demonstrated that having authority does not ensure accurate knowledge.

But so is the ability to be flexible and consider non-traditional alternatives and perspectives.

These complementary functions are what allow for critical thinking to be a practice encompassing imagination and intuition in cooperation with traditional modes of deductive inquiry.

The ability to reason logically is a fundamental skill of rational agents, hence the study of the form of correct argumentation is relevant to the study of critical thinking.

"First wave" logical thinking consisted of understanding the connections between two concepts or points in thought.

Critical thinking employs not only logic but broad intellectual criteria such as clarity, credibility, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance, and fairness.

The habits of mind that characterize a person strongly disposed toward critical thinking include a desire to follow reason and evidence wherever they may lead, a systematic approach to problem solving, inquisitiveness, even-handedness, and confidence in reasoning.

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