We fell out of the trees, we stood up, we walked and we learned to cooperate.
Theory of Mind = the ability to peer inside someone’s mental life and make predictions on how they will respond and react.
“Dreaming permits us to be quietly and safely insane every night of our lives.” –William Dement The body possesses a series of internal clocks, and their automatic rhythm occurs as a result of the continuous conflict between 2 opposing forces: Process C = The Circadian Arousal System (designed to do everything in its power to keep you ) (pg 155) Process C and Process S are locked in a daily warfare of victory and surrender so predictable that you can graph it. we were out on the savannah we saw a saber-tooth tiger! Stressed people: (pg 178) Specifically stress hurts declarative memory and executive function.
Process S determines the duration and intensity of sleep and Process C determines the tendency and timing of the need to go to sleep. The skills needed to excel in school Under chronic stress, adrenaline creates scars in your blood vessels that can cause a heart attack or stroke, and cortisol damages the cells of the hippocampus, crippling your ability to learn and remember.
Our brains only give us an approximate view of reality because they mix new knowledge with past memories and store them together as one. (pg 159) Sleep has been shown to enhance tasks that involve visual texture discrimination, motor adaptations and motor sequencing. Sleep loss cripples thinking in about all of the ways you can measure thinking. ) might look like if we took these sleep facts seriously! The hypothalamus in your brain (pea sized, right in the middle of your head) sends a signal to your adrenal glands (on top of kidneys).
The way to make long-term memory more reliable is to incorporate new information gradually and repeat it in timed intervals. It also impairs: It affects manual dexterity, fine motor control and gross motor movements. The adrenal glands dump buckets of adrenaline into your system. These days our stress is not measured in seconds by interactions with mountain lions, but by days, weeks and sometimes months of hectic work lives, screaming toddlers and money problems.That if you want to create an educational environment that is directly OPPOSED to what the brain is good at doing, you would design something like a classroom.And if you wanted to change things, you might have to tear it down and start over. I list for you here Medina’s BRAIN RULES as well as passages from the book to assist in clarification and understanding! “Physical activity is cognitive candy.” (pg 22) Civilization has had a nasty side effect… Cutting off physical activity to do better on a test score is like trying to gain weight by starving yourself! Exercise gets blood to your brain, bringing it glucose for energy and oxygen to soak up the toxic electrons that are left over.BRAIN RULE #7 = SLEEP Sleep well, think well If you ever get a chance to listen in on a brain while it’s owner is asleep, you will see that the brain is not asleep at all. This is commonly known as the “fight or flight” response. Released in small doses, it wipes out most unpleasant aspects of stress and returns us to normal. (pg 176) And when moderate amounts of hormones build up to large amounts, or when moderate amounts hang around too long, they become quite harmful.The brain displays more rhythmical activity during sleep than when it is wide-awake. The issue is that our stress response system was shaped to solve problems that lasted for SECONDS… Stress that is too severe or too prolonged harms learning.BRAIN RULE #4 = ATTENTION We don’t pay attention to boring things Summary from page 94: Emotions get our attention **emotional arousal helps the brain learn We grasp meaning before details **we are better at seeing patterns and abstracting the meaning of an event than we are at recording detail The brain cannot multi-task BRAIN RULE #5 = SHORT TERM MEMORY Repeat to Remember Summary from page 119 The brain has many types of memory systems. These are memories of things you can “declare.” Example: “They sky is blue.” This system has four stages of processing: encoding, storing, retrieving and forgetting.Information coming into your brain is split into fragments that are sent to different regions of the cortex for storage.Most of the events that predict whether something that has been learned will be remembered occur in the first few seconds of learning.The more elaborately we encode a memory during its initial moments, the stronger it will be.(pg 130) Great deal of research show that thinking or talking about an event [sic] enhances memory for that event.(pg 131) If you have only one week to study for a final, better to space out the studying, not attempt to cram it all in.