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Nude Descending A Staircase initially met with an unfavorable response at the Salon des Indépendants, dominated by the Cubist avant-garde who objected to what they deemed as its Futurist leanings, but enjoyed a succes de scandale at the 1913 Armory Show in New York.
Duchamp rejected purely visual or what he dubbed "retinal pleasure," deeming it to be facile, in favor of more intellectual, concept-driven approaches to art-making and, for that matter, viewing.
He remained committed, however, to the study of perspective and optics which underpins his experiments with kinetic devices, reflecting an ongoing concern with the representation of motion and machines common to Futurist and Surrealist artists at the time.
Of Eugene and Lucie Duchamp's seven children, one died as an infant and four became successful artists.
Marcel Duchamp was the brother of: As a child, with his two elder brothers already away from home at school in Rouen, Duchamp was closer to his sister Suzanne, who was a willing accomplice in games and activities conjured by his fertile imagination.
At eight years old, Duchamp followed in his brothers' footsteps when he left home and began schooling at the Lycée Pierre-Corneille, in Rouen.
Two other students in his class also became well-known artists and lasting friends: Robert Antoine Pinchon and Pierre Dumont.Chance also dictated his choice of title: Duchamp apparently hit upon stoppages, French for the "invisible mending" of a garment, after walking past a shop sign advertising sewing supplies.Mixed media - The Museum of Modern Art The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, or The Large Glass was partly inspired by author Raymond Roussel's use of homophones, words that sound alike but have different meanings.Instead, Duchamp wanted to use art to serve the mind.Three Duchamp brothers, left to right: Marcel Duchamp, Jacques Villon, and Raymond Duchamp-Villon in the garden of Jacques Villon's studio in Puteaux, France, 1914, (Smithsonian Institution collections), his maternal grandfather, filled the house, and the family liked to play chess, read books, paint, and make music together.To make this piece, which reads like a visual demonstration of the workings of chance, Duchamp dropped three threads, each exactly one meter long, from a height of one meter.He then carefully recorded the random outline of the fallen thread on canvas, glass and wood.A taste for jokes, tongue-in-cheek wit and subversive humor, rife with sexual innuendoes, characterizes Duchamp's work and makes for much of its enjoyment.He fashioned puns out of everyday expressions which he conveyed through visual means.Few artists can boast of having changed the course of art history in the way that Marcel Duchamp did.By challenging the very notion of what is art, his first readymades sent shock waves across the art world that can still be felt today.