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At this stage, the Americans had their first successful attempts to create a purely American literature.
In 1580, Michel de Montaigne, an outstanding French philosopher, had his collection of short, quite subjective discussions on different topics published. These pieces of writing, in which authors could freely express their own ideas and viewpoints, became extremely popular.
Today, it is hard to imagine the world of literature without essays.
Of course, the literature has changed its focus as well. At this point, American writers began to write about strong people who can survive and succeed.
The World War I was a shocker and the Americans were highly influenced by this barbarian, cruel war.
Those writings that are primarily informative technical, scholarly, journalistic would be excluded from the rank of literature by most, though not all, critics.
Argumentative Essay Media Body Image - Greatest Literary Work Essay
Certain forms of writing, however, are universally regarded as belonging to literature as an art.THE SCOPE OF LITERATURE Literature is a form of human expression.But not everything expressed in words even when organized and written down is counted as literature.The young people were called the ‘lost generation’ because they were lacking a stable traditional system of values and self-identity.This idea of ‘lost generation’ is quite vivid in Hemingway’s and Fitzgerald’s works.The Concise Oxford Dictionary says it is writings whose value lies in the beauty of form or emotional effect. The nineteenth-century critic Walter Pater referred to the matter of imaginative or artistic literature as a transcript, not of mere fact, but of fact in its infinitely varied forms. But such definitions really assume that the reader already knows what literature is.And indeed its central meaning, at least, is clear enough.The first years of America were rather religious, so the first American essayists were clergymen or official representatives like judges.Many sermons written in this period were insightful essays.Individual attempts within these forms are said to succeed if they possess something called artistic merit and to fail if they do not.The nature of artistic merit is less easy to define than to recognize. On the contrary, a scientific exposition might be of great literary value and a pedestrian poem of none at all.