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International in scope and diverse in artistic output, both Dada and Surrealism were artistic, literary and intellectual movements of the early 20th century that were instrumental in defining Modernism.
The modern world has become filled with brilliant designs of art, which are now very influential to viewers of every age.
Today's television programs are filled with elaborate special effects and designs that create a sense of wonder as they are seen.
In all three places, Dada develops as against different things (or ‘anti’) including anti-aesthetic, anti-art, anti-reason, anti-logic, anti-authority, and anti-tradition as a means of forcing a critique upon commonly held ideas and values.
On Khan Academy, you will study most of the material in the section ‘Dada’ that is in the section ‘World War 1, Futurism and Dada.’ LINK: Keep notes that distinguish the major ideas, vocabulary words, and types of art, activities or characteristics as they relate to the types of Dada art in the different cities of Zurich, Berlin, and New York.
It emerged largely in response to the atrocities and insanity, "the disillusion, defeatism, and insane butchery of World War 1" (William, Flemming, Arts & Ideas, 6th Edition, Syracuse New York, pp 423) and wanting to find, and experiment with new forms of expression attempting to revive the creative act. In 1914 Switzerland, was a neutral country during World War 1, as a result of this it found itself being refuge for many different people trying to escape the war in their homelands. As portrayed in Destino, "materialistic" values, e.g.
Many of these people were conscientious objectors to the war, some being artists. rationality and physics, in Surrealism are distorted, sequence of events rendered illogical and the implied meanings (if any) seemed vague most of the times. But what makes Surrealism unmaterialistic is its abandonment of logic and reasons, along with other foundations of the physical world, a.k.a. Which means that to certain degrees, though not much, Surrealism still resembles the physical world...
Similar to Dada, Surrealism was characterized by a profound disillusionment with and condemnation of the Western emphasis on logic and reason.
However, Breton wanted to create something more programmatic out of Dada’s nonsensical and seemingly unfocused activities.
, ready-made, replica of 1917 original, now lost, made in 1964 DADA World War I begins in 1914, embroiling Europe in a cataclysmic conflict where the advancements of the modern industrial age are immediately shown to have devastating consequences.
The war cuts short the innovations in modern art of the pre-war period with citizens from France, Belgium, Russia, Italy, England (and later America) fighting against the Germans and the Austrians (later joined by the Ottoman Empire). Because of the technological advancements of the modern era, the war was one of the deadliest in human history, resulting in over 15 million dead and millions more grievously injured.