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This capability combines two types of thinking: critical thinking and creative thinking.Though the two are not interchangeable, they are strongly linked, bringing complementary dimensions to thinking and learning.
In developing and acting with critical and creative thinking, students: This element involves students reflecting on, adjusting and explaining their thinking and identifying the thinking behind choices, strategies and actions taken.
Students think about thinking (metacognition), reflect on actions and processes, and transfer knowledge into new contexts to create alternatives or open up possibilities.
I just started reading “Think Better: An Innovator’s Guide to Productive Thinking” by Tim Hurson.
I just started Chapter 3 and have become amazed that I hadn’t thought about the difference between Critical Thinking and Creative Thinking…though I’ve blogged about the subject in the past (see The Problem(s) with Linear Thinking, Critical Thinking Definitions, and my review of Jack’s Notebook).
The author argues that using both thinking processes together creates a much more productive thinking process.
An interesting analogy that he uses in the book is: Think of the thinking process as a kayak with 2 paddles.Students identify, consider and assess the logic and reasoning behind choices.They differentiate components of decisions made and actions taken and assess ideas, methods and outcomes against criteria.Concept learning can be concrete or abstract and is closely allied with metacognition.What has been learnt can be applied to future examples. Dispositions such as inquisitiveness, reasonableness, intellectual flexibility, open- and fair-mindedness, a readiness to try new ways of doing things and consider alternatives, and persistence promote and are enhanced by critical and creative thinking.Creative thinking involves students learning to generate and apply new ideas in specific contexts, seeing existing situations in a new way, identifying alternative explanations, and seeing or making new links that generate a positive outcome.This includes combining parts to form something original, sifting and refining ideas to discover possibilities, constructing theories and objects, and acting on intuition.Critical and creative thinking involves students thinking broadly and deeply using skills, behaviours and dispositions such as reason, logic, resourcefulness, imagination and innovation in all learning areas at school and in their lives beyond school.Thinking that is productive, purposeful and intentional is at the centre of effective learning.This icon shows where Critical and Creative Thinking has been identified in learning area content descriptions and elaborations.The key ideas for Critical and Creative Thinking are organised into four interrelated elements in the learning continuum, as shown in the figure below.