Your plan should include a detailed explanation of your start-up costs, cost of sales (costs to produce your goods/services), administrative costs and asset purchases.Rising costs hit many small businesses as they grow, if possible you should include a plan of how you will keep costs down using by procuring the best value goods and services.Depending on your business type you need to work out when you get paid.
When preparing a cash flow statement, ensure you also clearly state whether your figures are GST inclusive or exclusive.
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The second type of variable costs are costs that you can control depending on circumstances.
For instance, marketing can be a variable cost as you may decide to increase your marketing spend on a special promotion like Christmas or reduce your marketing spend when business is slow.
Variable costs are the costs that are incurred depending on your activity.
You should try to structure your business model to have as much of your expenses to be variable and be dependent on sales.The indirect method for calculating cash flow from operations uses accrual accounting information and the P&L, it always begins with the net income value.The net income is then adjusted for changes in the assets and liabilities account of the balance sheet by adding to or subtracting from net income to derive the operating cash flow.The indirect method can be very confusing for non-accountants so its best to stick to the direct method.A Cash Flow Statement is comprised of the following sections: Predicting income can be difficult, but if you understand your marketing and sales plans, you should understand when you will make sales.On your cash flow statement, list all your incoming and outgoing cash items with the dollar amount for the next 12 months.For each month list the items and total the figures under the headings Cash incoming and Cash outgoing.Seasonality – is your business seasonal, does it pick up or ramp down at any certain time in the year. Taxation – depending on your legal structure of the business you will be obliged to pay income tax, whether personal or business from the business. Future Years – You will have to complete your cash flow for at least two years.It’s usually paid in lump sums and will be a large amount. Don’t be put off by this, make some broad assumptions about what how your business will be in the second year.This cycle or pattern can help you plan ahead and make sure you always have money to cover your payments.See Finance for more information on managing and seeking finance.