According to the DSM-5, at least five of the following symptoms are also present: the symptoms cause distress or impairment in functioning.And They are not due to the effects of a substance or medical condition.
According to the DSM-5, at least five of the following symptoms are also present: the symptoms cause distress or impairment in functioning.And They are not due to the effects of a substance or medical condition.Tags: Chinese Character Writing PaperMarket Research ProposalsPsychology Case Studies On PersonalityDegree-Essay.ComBarron'S Toefl Essay WritingBest 401k Plans For Small BusinessesMath Problems 7th Grade
Typically, unusual shifts in mood and energy manifest in increased activity levels and impair ability to function.
The impairment created by bipolar disorder can be severe and can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide.
Cyclothymic disorder, or cyclothymia, refers to recurring hypomanic and depressive mood shifts over at least a two-year period in adults.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, an estimated 4.4 percent of adults in the United States experience a bipolar disorder at some point in their lifetime.
The condition occurs with equal frequency among males and females. Nevertheless, a bipolar disorder may begin in childhood or may have its onset late in life.
Bipolar disorders are typically chronic conditions and require lifelong management.Often, a manic person's thoughts race faster than they can be expressed; the result may be abrupt shifts in topic and pressured and incoherent speech.Sometimes during a manic episode people display hostility and angry tirades, particularly if an attempt is made to interrupt them.The more moderate form of mania, called hypomania, similarly involves an unequivocal change in functioning, albeit for four or more days, but there is typically not significant social or occupational impairment.Indeed, the person may feel good and highly productive, making it difficult for the person or those around him or her to identify a hypomanic episode.Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder tend to reflect the extreme mood state at the time.For example, delusions of grandiosity, such as believing one is the president or has special powers or wealth, may occur during mania; delusions of guilt or worthlessness, such as believing that one is ruined and penniless or has committed some terrible crime, may appear during depression.Additionally, persons experiencing mania may display suddenly inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness and distractibility, and often engage in activities that have high potential for painful consequences (gambling, heavy spending, sexual indiscretions).Hypomania is similar to mania in that the disturbance in mood and the change in functioning are observable by others, but the episode is not severe enough to cause major impairment in social or occupational functioning or to require hospitalization.During a manic episode, an person may start multiple new projects and feel that they are capable of accomplishing anything, regardless of their level of experience or talent.One of the most common features of mania is a decreased need for sleep; a person might go days without sleep, yet not feel tired.